Top 15 great Indian scientists
Sir C. V. Raman:
Let us start our list with one of the great scientists of India and that is Sir C. V. Raman. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was a Noble prize winner in the year 1930. He was born on 7th November, 1888 and was the first non white and first Asian to receive a Noble prize. He was popular for his amazing work on scattering of light.
Homi J. Bhabha:
Next in the list, you have Homi J Bhabha or Homi Jehangir Bhabha, who was born on 30th October 1909, in the city of Bombay. Mr. Bhabha played a very important role in the quantum theory. He was the first chairman of the Indian Atomic Energy Commission. He was more popularly known as the father of the Indian Nuclear Power and not many of you must be aware that he was always against the making of atomic bombs in India.
During the period of 1912 to 1918. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was the Diwan of Mysore city. He was born on 15th September, 1860 and has received the Bharat Ratna Award, which was the highest honor of the Indian Republic. Block irrigation system and automatic sluice gates are two of his great works.
Mr. Venkatraman Radhkrishnan was born on 18th May of 1929. He was part of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and was more popular as the space scientist. Sailboats and ultralight aircraft designing and fabrication was his specialty.
Next in the list, you have S. Chandrashekar who was a noble prize winner for the mathematical theory of black holes in Physics. He was born on 19th October, 1910. Mr. S. Chandrashekar was the nephew of Sir C. V. Raman and the radiation of energy from stars was the best work of this scientist.
Satyendra Nath Bose:
Specialized in Quantun Mechanism, Satyendra Nath Bose or popularly called as S. N. Bose was born on 1st January, 1894. In the year 1954, this great scientist of India was awarded Padma Vibhushan, which the second highest honor in the Indian Republic.
If you have ever heard of the Saha equation, then you must have heard his name Meghnad Saha. Meghnad Saha was born on 6th October, 1893 and he was known for his best work in thermal ionization of elements and that work led to the formation of the Saha equation.
Srinivasa Ramanujan is one of the most popular Indian scientists who made great contributions in number theory, mathematical analysis, continued fractions and infinite series. All this was done by this scientist without any kind of formal training. At the age of 11 itself, he was master in mathematics.
Jagadish Chandra Bose:
Born on 30th November, 1858, Jagadish Chandra Bose or Acharya J. C. Bose was one of the greatest scientists of Indian. He has made a lot of contributions of the study of plants and also experimental science in India. His studies on Micro optics and radio were really helpful.
Vikram Sarabhai was born on 12th August, 1919 and he was more popularly known as the father of the Indian Space program. He played a very important role in convincing the Indian government and helping them understand the importance of space programs. He was responsible for the set up of ISRO (Indian Space Research Orgnaiztion)
Born on 12th November, 1896, Salim Ali or Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali was another Indian scientist. Being a Naturalist and ornithologist, his book helped in the development of ornithology in India. He was the first Indian who conducted this kind of studies.
Har Gobind Khorana:
Har Gobind Khorana was an Indian American and was born on 9th January in 1922. He was a Nobel prize winner and he shared it with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for medicine or Physiology. In the year 1970, Har Gobind Khorana was the first person to synthesize living cell with an artificial cell.
Next in the list, you have Birbal Sahni who was born in the year 1891 on 14th Novermber. He was a Paleobotanist from India. He made great contributions to the study of plants and also in the historical context of India.
Prafulla Chandra Ray:
Prafulla Chandra Ray was a very popular chemist and Academician, who was born in the year 1861 on 2nd August. You will find his name in the list of first modern Indian chemical scientist and researchers.
APJ Abdul Kalam:
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born in the year 1931 on 15th October. He was one of the most popular and very well known Indian scientists who worked for the DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organization) as an Aerospace Engineer. He also worked in the ISRO. He initially designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also served as the President of India during the period of 2002 to 2007.